Survey of Speech and Language Disorders.
Children with motor based speech disorders such as Dysarthria and Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) present with a speech sound disorder in which precision and consistency of movements underlying speech are impaired. CAS may impact both non-speech and speech movements.
Articulation therapy is the bread-and-butter for many pediatric and school-based SLPs, but when was the last time you checked in on current research and methods in treating speech sound disorders (SSDs)? With all due respect to Van Riper (and plenty is due), we’re willing to bet you’ll find some new ideas and question some old ones after.
Speech Disorders. Speech refers to the production of speech sounds or problems and voice quality. Van Riper and Erickson (1996) state that a speech impairment is present when speech deviates so far from the speech of other people that it (1) calls attention to itself, (2) interferes with communication, or (3) provokes distress in the speaker or listener. Speech disorders include voice.
Van Riper used all his contacts in the Kalamazoo area to recruit children to come in for stuttering therapy at Western's clinic. I remember during my last year of training working with individual children as well as children in groups. All my therapy sessions were recorded for viewing in the late afternoon and evenings.
If any of these mechanisms are not working properly, weak, damaged, malformed, or out of sync with the rest, then a speech disorder may be classified as an articulation disorder. Articulation is the correct movement of the speech producers to make intelligible speech.
Intervention approaches for speech sound disorder For many years the most typical treatment approach for children with SSD was the traditional articulation approach (Van Riper, 1939). In this approach the overall goal is for children to learn how to articulate individual phonemes to improve the intelligibility of their speech (Baker, 2006).
Van Riper outlined the basic steps in 1978. The SLP helps the individual who produces an erred sound achieve correct production by: Identifying the Standard English sound and discriminating it from the error sound. Approximating and refining the approximation until correct production is achieved.
Van Riper (p. 45) defined stuttering as a disruption of the simultaneous and successive programming of muscular movements required to produce a speech sound or its link to the next sound in a word. Anticipation of this programming difficulty can then cause struggle and avoidance reactions which are secondary. variable. and learned.
Now in its ninth edition, the widely-used Speech Correction: An Introduction to Speech Pathology and Audiology continues to serve both students and clinicians as the classic introduction to communication disorders. Charles Van Riper's inimitable easy-to-read style, clinical focus, and emphasis on the person with the disability has been preserved and updated by his close friend and colleague.
For example, Van Riper and Erickson (1996) related that during the Roman times, an individual who stuttered was placed into a cage for entertainment purposes. According to these authors, citizens passing would throw coins into the person's cage to get him to talk.
Speech Correction: Principles and Methods by C. Van Riper, Ph.D Director of the speech clinic Western State Teachers College New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1939 Contents. Chapter. 1. Speech handicaps and the need for speech correction. Primitive reactions of society to the handicapped; Reactions of children to the handicapped; Reactions of educated adults to the handicapped; Present treatment.
According to Van Riper (1970), American speech-language pathologists consider cluttering to be a fluency problem. Consequently, many do not fully understand the diverse speech, language, and behavioral symptoms which typify the disorder.
Cluttering, a speech disorder that has similarities to stuttering. Dysprosody is the rarest neurological speech disorder. It is characterized by alterations in intensity, in the timing of utterance segments, and in rhythm, cadence, and intonation of words. The changes to the duration, the fundamental frequency, and the intensity of tonic and tonic syllables of the sentences spoken, deprive an.
By C. Van Riper. Read preview. Speech Correction: Principles and Methods. By C. Van Riper. No cover image. Speech Correction: Principles and Methods. By C. Van Riper. Read preview. Excerpt. Although, like the poor, the speech defective has always been with us, it is only recently that the general public has come to realize the seriousness of his handicap. This increased awareness of the.
Example(s) of the approach Was an established professor of speech-language pathology at Western Michigan University Attempted to find the cause and cure of stuttering, though he and his predecessors have been unsuccessful Wrote The Nature of Stuttering, 1992 Traditional Van Riper.
Charles Van Riper, one of the founders of modern speech language pathology, in his classic text, Speech Correction: Principles and Methods, said that a communication disorder exists “when speech or language deviates so far from the norm of other people that it calls attention to itself, interferes with communication, or causes its possessor to be maladjusted (Van Riper, Speech Correction.